What is the anti-globalization movement?
What are their intentions and what do they stand for?
We are going to be diving into a deeper look at this large movement that has been gaining widespread attention since the late 1990s.
There has been debate amongst scholars as to whether this is a true movement, or if it is actually a collection of different allied groups.
We will take a look at who they are, what they believe in, and the protests and global events they have attended and created.
Who They Are
The anti-globalization movement actually has several different names they are known by.
The global justice movement, the alter-globalization movement, the anti-corporate globalization movement, or the movement against neoliberal globalization are all titles the group goes by.
Because this group is made up of a lot of different ideologies and communities, it is known by quite a few different names.
What They Stand For
The movement is against economic globalization. This term means a constantly increasing economic interdependence of different national economies across the world by more cross-border movements of goods, service, technology, and capital.
This is something that has been growing rapidly since the start of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade and the World Trade Organization. These organizations have caused countries to gradually cut down their trade barriers and open up their current and capital accounts.
The Effects of Globalization
Globalization has allowed for much higher incomes as well as increased economic growth in developing countries. It has also lowered prices in more developed countries. In addition to that, it changes the power balance between more and less developed countries and affects each of their cultures. Because of this, there is shifting of where the production of goods is located – requiring some workers to need to cross borders or change careers entirely.
An Anti-Globalization Movement
The anti-globalization movement is against this. They believe by the end of the 20th century the “elites” of society wanted to harness the expanding world markets for their own desires.
The movement also thinks that international agreements and global financial institutions like the International Monetary Fund (IMF) undermine making decisions on a local level.
The companies that use these institutions are given privileges that small businesses and individual people are not able to use. This includes the ability to move freely across borders, use a wide variety of human resources, and extract desired natural resources.
The group wants to completely end the legal status of “corporate personhood,” which simply means a non-human legal entity. They want to see free market fundamentalism, the World Bank, IMF, and the World Trade Organization taken down as well.
An Adversity to Neoliberalism
The anti-globalization movement is also known for its adversity to neoliberalism. Their doctrine argues that untrammeled free trade and having a reduction of regulation for public-sector would actually help the poor and assist disadvantaged people in more well-off countries.
While the anti-globalization movement believes that preserving the natural environment, human rights, and democracy will be placed at risk unless there are mandatory standards that end up attached to liberalization.
History of the Anti-Globalization Movement
The anti-globalization movement has been making waves in mainstream media since the late 1990s. They have had many, many famous altercations and protests throughout the last twenty years.
Starting in 1999, the group had over 100,000 people protesting in Seattle against the World Trade Organization Third Ministerial conference, which was also known as the Battle of Seattle or N30. This protest was bad enough that the mayor of Seattle had to call for a state of emergency, and the chief of police handed in his resignation a mere week later.
That same year, they also participated in the global Caraval Against Capitalism – a worldwide event that was timed to coincide with the 25th G8 summit in Cologne, Germany.
In the early 2000s, there have been a number of protests annually – including George Bush’s inauguration and multiple anti-war protests after 9/11.
Things escalated in 2001 with violent demonstrations in Genoa. This particular event was directed at the G8 with the slogan “another world is possible,” where they protested environmental issues as well as the growing gap between the poor and the rich.
More recently, in 2010, there was a G20 summit meeting in Toronto, which led to an enormous protest and the largest mass arrest that Canada has ever seen. Police arrested over 1,000 people, most of which were released without actually being charged with anything.
Throughout the last few years, protesters have consistently shown up to global events where environmental and financial issues, as well as other problems, are discussed.
What Does the Future Hold for This Group?
The group’s passion and numbers have ebbed and flowed throughout the years. It does not seem like an organization that we will see disappearing anytime soon, and as more global conversations happen – we may even see more of them in the future.